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    Misogyny
    Posted on Monday, December 27 @ 20:17:14 EST by admin

    General Topics Definition of Merriam Webster
    : a hatred of women

    Definition of Oxford
    the hatred of women by men:

    Anyone, male or female, who does right actions and is a believer, will enter the Garden. They will not be wronged by so much as the tiniest speck. (Surah an Nisa, 124)

    This article is in reference to the misogyny on Wikipedia.

    The fourth chapter  or ''  sura  ''  of the   Qur'an   is called Women    An-Nisa   . The 34th verse is a key verse in feminist criticism of    Islam  ."Verse 34 of Chapter 4 is an oft-cited Verse in the Qur’an used to demonstrate that Islam is structurally patriarchal, and thus Islam  internalizes male dominance."
    Dahlia Eissa, " http://www.wluml.org/node/443#_ftn42 Constructing the Notion of Male Superiority over Women in Islam : The influence of sex and  gender stereotyping in the interpretation of the Qur’an and the implications for a modernist exegesis of rights", Occasional Paper 11 in  ''Occasional Papers''    Empowerment International  , 1999 .
    The verse reads: "Men are the maintainers of women because Allah has made some of them to excel others and because they spend out of their  property; the good women are therefore obedient, guarding the unseen as Allah has guarded; and  as to  those on whose part you fear desertion,  admonish them, and leave them alone in the sleeping-places and beat them; then if they obey you, do not seek a way against them; surely Allah is  High, Great."

     //Begin Editing

     Further clarification needed for above mentioned verses:

    "... it must be immediately noted that there is no warrant here in this verse for wife battering. The suggestion to use beating is made  specifically to deal with nushuz on the part of the wife, that is, to deal with her deliberately nasty behavior that poses a threat to the  marriage. Beating is to be done after due admonition and suspension of sexual relations and therefore by husbands who have some moral standards  and have sufficient control over their sexual passions. Moreover, this beating is not to go on and on but is to be tried as a last step to save  the marriage. Once it is clear that it is not working it is to be abandoned in favor of some other steps involving relatives of the husband and  the wife mentioned in the next verse  4:35 . There is therefore, absolutely no license here for the type of regular and continual wife beating  that goes on in some homes, where each time the husband is angry with his wife or with someone else he turns against her and beats her up. In most  such cases, the husband has no moral superiority over the wife: the only rule of Shari'ah that he cares about is this suggestion about beating. He  also does not have the kind of control over his sexual passions needed to separate the wife in bed and often beats her the day before or the day  after making love to her, an action specifically condemned by the Prophet." Tafseer of Surah an-Nisa, Ayah 34 By: Dr. Ahmad Shafaat 


    The appropriate verse that needs to be quoted is:

    "O ye who believe! Ye are forbidden to inherit women against their will. Nor should ye treat them with harshness, that ye may take away part of the  dower ye have given them,-except where they have been guilty of open lewdness; on the contrary live with them on a footing of kindness and equity.  If ye take a dislike to them it may be that ye dislike a thing, and Allah brings about through it a great deal of good."  An-Nisa 4:19


    As for "The influence of sex and gender stereotyping in the interpretation of the Qur’an"

    Allah has got ready forgiveness and tremendous rewards for the Muslim men and women; the believing men and women; the devout men and women; the  truthful men and women; the patiently suffering men and women; the humble men and women; the almsgiving men and women; the fasting men and women,  the men and women who guard their chastity; and the men and women who are exceedingly mindful of Allah.  Al-Ahzab 33:35


    The believing men and women, are associates and helpers of each other. They  collaborate  to promote all that is beneficial and discourage all  that is evil; to establish prayers and give alms, and to obey Allah and his Messenger. Those are the people whom Allah would grant mercy. Indeed  Allah is Mighty and Wise.  Al-Taubah 9:71



    Ibn Al-Jauzi narrated the virtues and merits of Umar bin Al-Khattab  Allah bless him  in the following words: Umar forbade the people from paying  excessive dowries and addressed them saying: "Don't fix the dowries for women over forty ounces. If ever that is exceeded I shall deposit the  excess amount in the public treasury". As he descended from the pulpit, a flat-nosed lady stood up from among the women audience, and said: "It is  not within your right". Umar asked: "Why should this not be of my right?" she replied: "Because Allah has proclaimed: 'even if you had given one  of them  wives  a whole treasure for dowry take not the least bit back. Would you take it by false claim and a manifest sin'".  Al Nisa, 20 . When  he heard this, Umar said: "The woman is right and the man  Umar  is wrong. It seems that all people have deeper insight and wisdom than Umar".  Then he returned to the pulpit and declared: "O people, I had restricted the giving of more than four hundred dirhams in dowry. Whosoever of you  wishes to give in dowry as much as he likes and finds satisfaction in so doing may do so"



    Narrated AbuHurayrah: Allah's Messenger  pbuh  said: a believing man should not hate a believing woman; if he dislikes one of her characteristics,  he will be pleased with another.  Muslim Book 8, Number 3469

    Narrated Mu'awiyah al-Qushayri: I went to the Apostle of Allah  pbuh  and asked him: "What do you say  command  about our wives?" He replied:  "Give them food what you have for yourself, and clothe them by which you clothe yourself, and do not beat them, and do not revile them."  Sunan  Abu Dawud: Book 11, Number 2139  "The best of you is one who is best towards his family and I am best towards the family".  At-Tirmithy . "None  but a noble man treats women in an honourable manner. And none but an ignoble treats women disgracefully".  At-Tirmithy .


    'Umar ibn al-Khattab  RA  said that a man came to his house to complain about his wife. On reaching the door of his house, he hears 'Umar's wife  shouting at him and reviling him. Seeing this, he was about to go back, thinking that 'Umar himself was in the same position and, therefore, could  hardly suggest any solution for his problem. 'Umar  RA  saw the man turn back, so he called him and enquired about the purpose of his visit. He  said that he had come with a complaint against his wife, but turned back on seeing the Caliph in the same position. 'Umar  RA  told him that he  tolerated the excesses of his wife for she had certain rights against him. He said, "Is it not true that she prepares food for me, washes clothes  for me and suckles my children, thus saving me the expense of employing a cook, a washerman and a nurse, though she is not legally obliged in any  way to do any of these things? Besides, I enjoy peace of mind because of her and am kept away from indecent acts on account of her. I therefore  tolerate all her excesses on account of these benefits. It is right that you should also adopt the same attitude." quoted in Rahman, Role of  Muslim Women page 149 http://www.islamfortoday.com/womens_rights_references.htm

     //End Editing

    Taj Hashmi discusses misogyny in relation to Muslim culture, and   Bangladesh   specifically, in the book ''Popular Islam and Misogyny: A Case  Study of Bangladesh''.

    Thanks to the subjective interpretations of the Quran  almost exclusively by men , the preponderance of the misogynic mullahs and the  regressive Shariah law in most “Muslim” countries, Islam is synonymously known as a promoter of misogyny in its worst form. Although there is no  way of defending the so-called “great” traditions of Islam as libertarian and egalitarian with regard to women, we may draw a line between the  Quranic texts and the corpus of avowedly misogynic writing and spoken words by the mullah having very little or no relevance to the Quran.|Hashmi,  Taj.   Popular Islam and Misogyny: A Case Study of Bangladesh .

    In a ''  Washington Post  '' article, Asra Q. Nomani discussed   An-Nisa, 34   and stated that "Domestic violence is prevalent today in non-Muslim  communities as well, but the apparent religious sanction in Islam makes the challenge especially difficult." She further wrote that although  "Islamic historians agree that the prophet Muhammad never hit a woman, it is also clear that Muslim communities face a domestic violence problem."  Nomani notes that in his book ''  No god but God  '',   University of Southern California   professor   Reza Aslan   wrote that "misogynistic  interpretation" has dogged An-Nisa, 34 because Koranic commentary "has been the exclusive domain of Muslim men. Reference

     American author and commentator   Robert Spencer   has described  Quran 4:34 as a "notorious verse commanding the beating of disobedient women" in ''  FrontPage Magazine  ''. He has argued that it promotes a  demeaning culture of violence against women.

    It should be noted that while the above referenced article by Asra Q. Nomani states "Islamic Historians agree that the prophet Mohammad never hit  a woman", it is a statement that is clearly incorrect. In Sahih Muslim, Book 004, Number 2127, one of Mohammads wives, Aisha, states that the  prophet Mohammad used physical force to punish her: "He struck me on the chest which caused me pain". This record is firmly established as one of  the indisputable and authentic Sahih Hadith.

    //Begin Editing

    The narration goes as the following but has no connection to the subject Misogyny itself

    Book 004 Number  2127:
    Muhammad b. Qais said  to the people : Should I not narrate to you  a hadith of the Holy Prophet  on my authority and on the authority of my  mother? We thought that he meant the mother who had given him birth. He  Muhammad b. Qais  then reported that it was 'A'isha who had narrated  this: Should I not narrate to you about myself and about the Messenger of Allah  may peace be upon him ? We said: Yes. She said: When it was my  turn for Allah's Messenger  may peace be upon him  to spend the night with me, he turned his side, put on his mantle and took off his shoes and  placed them near his feet, and spread the corner of his shawl on his bed and then lay down till he thought that I had gone to sleep. He took hold  of his mantle slowly and put on the shoes slowly, and opened the door and went out and then closed it lightly. I covered my head, put on my veil  and tightened my waist wrapper, and then went out following his steps till he reached Baqi'. He stood there and he stood for a long time. He then  lifted his hands three times, and then returned and I also returned. He hastened his steps and I also hastened my steps. He ran and I too ran. He  came  to the house  and I also came  to the house . I, however, preceded him and I entered  the house , and as I lay down in the bed, he  the Holy  Prophet  entered the  house , and said: Why is it, O 'A'isha, that you are out of breath? I said: There is nothing. He said: Tell me or the Subtle  and the Aware would inform me. I said: Messenger of Allah, may my father and mother be ransom for you, and then I told him  the whole story . He  said: Was it the darkness  of your shadow  that I saw in front of me? I said: Yes. He struck me on the chest which caused me pain, and then said:  Did you think that Allah and His Apostle would deal unjustly with you? She said: Whatsoever the people conceal, Allah will know it. He said:  Gabriel came to me when you saw me. He called me and he concealed it from you. I responded to his call, but I too concealed it from you  for he  did not come to you , as you were not fully dressed. I thought that you had gone to sleep, and I did not like to awaken you, fearing that you may  be frightened. He  Gabriel  said: Your Lord has commanded you to go to the inhabitants of Baqi'  to those lying in the graves  and beg pardon for  them. I said: Messenger of Allah, how should I pray for them  How should I beg forgiveness for them ? He said: Say, Peace be upon the inhabitants  of this city  graveyard  from among the Believers and the Muslims, and may Allah have mercy on those who have gone ahead of us, and those who come  later on, and we shall, God willing, join you. 

    //End Editing


    It is also recorded in Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 131 that Abu Bakr beat Aisha in the presence of the prophet Mohammad,   also in Volume 7, Book 72, Number 715, Aisha  complained "I have not seen any woman suffering as much as the believing  women"

    // Begin Editing

     Out of context quotation "Abu Bakr beat Aisha in the presence of the Prophet Mohammad":

    Volume 6 Book 60 Number 131:
    Narrated Aisha:
    The wife of the Prophet : We set out with Allah's Apostle on one of his journeys, and when we were at Baida' or at Dhat-al-Jaish, a necklace of  mine was broken  and lost . Allah's Apostle stayed there to look for it, and so did the people along with him. Neither were they at a place of  water, nor did they have any water with them. So the people went to Abu Bakr As-Siddiq and said, "Don't you see what 'Aisha has done? She has made  Allah's Apostle and the people, stay where there is no water and they have no water with them." Abu Bakr came while Allah's Apostle was sleeping  with his head on my thigh. He said  to me , "You have detained Allah's Apostle and the people where there is no water, and they have no water with  them." So he admonished me and said what Allah wished him to say, and he hit me on my flanks with his hand. Nothing prevented me from moving   because of pain! but the position of Allah's Apostle on my thigh. So Allah's Apostle got up when dawn broke and there was no water, so Allah  revealed the Verse of Tayammum. Usaid bin Hudair said, "It is not the first blessing of yours, O the family of Abu Bakr." Then we made the camel  on which I was riding, got up, and found the necklace under it. 

    Volume 6 Book 60 Number 132:
    Narrated Aisha:
    A necklace of mine was lost at Al-Baida' and we were on our way to Medina. The Prophet made his camel kneel down and dismounted and laid his head  on my lap and slept. Abu Bakr came to me and hit me violently on the chest and said, "You have detained the people because of a necklace." I kept  as motionless as a dead person because of the position of Allah's Apostle ;  on my lap  although Abu Bakr had hurt me  with the slap . Then the  Prophet woke up and it was the time for the morning  prayer . Water was sought, but in vain; so the following Verse was revealed:--

     5:6  O you who believe, when you observe the Contact Prayers  Salat , you shall:  1  wash your faces,  2  wash your arms to the elbows,  3  wipe  your heads, and  4  wash your feet to the ankles. If you were unclean due to sexual orgasm, you shall bathe. If you are ill, or traveling, or had  any digestive excretion  urinary, fecal, or gas , or had  sexual  contact with the women, and you cannot find water, you shall observe the dry  ablution  Tayammum  by touching clean dry soil, then rubbing your faces and hands. GOD does not wish to make the religion difficult for you; He  wishes to cleanse you and to perfect His blessing upon you, that you may be appreciative.

    Patient behavior was the practice of the Prophet, even when his wife dared to address him harshly. Once his mother-in-law- saw her daugher strike  him with her fist on his noble chest. When the enraged mother -in-law began to reproach her daugher, the Prophet smilingly said, "Leave her alone;  they do worse than that." And once Abu Bakr, his father-in-law, was invited to settle some misunderstanding between him and Aishah. The Prophet  said to her, "Will you speak, or shall I speak?" Aisha said, "You speak, but do not say except the truth." Abu Bakr was so outraged that he  immediately struck her severely, forcing her to run and seek protection behind the back of the Prophet. Abu Bakr said, "O you the enemy of  herself! Does the Messenger of God say but the truth?" The Propeht said, "O Abu Bakr, we did not invite you for this  harsh dealing with Aishah ,  nor did we anticipate it."quoted in: Mutual Rights and Obligations


    Aisha complained "I have not seen any woman suffering as much as the believing women" another quotation out of context:

    Volume 7 Book 72 Number 715:
    Narrated 'Ikrima:
    Rifa'a divorced his wife whereupon 'AbdurRahman bin Az-Zubair Al-Qurazi married her. 'Aisha said that the lady  came , wearing a green veil  and  complained to her  Aisha  of her husband and showed her a green spot on her skin caused by beating . It was the habit of ladies to support each  other, so when Allah's Apostle came, 'Aisha said, "I have not seen any woman suffering as much as the believing women. Look! Her skin is greener  than her clothes!" When 'AbdurRahman heard that his wife had gone to the Prophet, he came with his two sons from another wife. She said, "By  Allah! I have done no wrong to him but he is impotent and is as useless to me as this," holding and showing the fringe of her garment, 'Abdur- Rahman said, "By Allah, O Allah's Apostle! She has told a lie! I am very strong and can satisfy her but she is disobedient and wants to go back to  Rifa'a." Allah's Apostle said, to her, "If that is your intention, then know that it is unlawful for you to remarry Rifa'a unless Abdur-Rahman has  had sexual intercourse with you." Then the Prophet saw two boys with 'Abdur-Rahman and asked  him , "Are these your sons?" On that 'AbdurRahman  said, "Yes." The Prophet said, "You claim what you claim  i.e.. that he is impotent ? But by Allah, these boys resemble him as a crow resembles a  crow,"


     //End Editing

    Conclusion:
    The inability and misinterpretation of the original author to prove his personal point is clear here.

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